“1st French colonisation attempt”
Saint Croix Island is the 1604 site of the first French attempt to colonize the territory they called l'Acadie and the location of one of the earliest European settlements in North America. Members of a French expedition led by Pierre Dugua, intending to colonize North America, settled the island in 1604. Seventy-nine members of the expedition, including Samuel Champlain, passed the severe winter of 1604-1605 on the island. Thirty-five settlers died, apparently of scurvy, and were buried in a small cemetery on Saint Croix Island. In spring 1605 the survivors left the island and founded the settlement of Port Royal, Nova Scotia. It is composed of a mainland site and 6.5-acre Saint Croix Island. Facilities at the mainland site include: a visitor contact station, an outdoor interpretive shelter,picnic tables, a pit toilet, and an unimproved boat launch.
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Saint Croix Island
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