“the death knell for the confederacy”
America's first and largest military park is located just over the border from Tennessee. Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, located in northern Georgia and eastern Tennessee, preserves the sites of two major battles of the American Civil War: the Battle of Chickamauga and the Chattanooga Campaign. View of Chattanooga and Moccasin Bend from the Lookout Mountain unit. A detailed history of the park's development was provided by the National Park Service in 1998. Starting in 1890, during the decade, the Congress of the United States authorized the establishment of the first four national military parks: Chickamauga and Chattanooga, Shiloh, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg. The first and largest of these, and the one upon which the establishment and development of most other national military and historical parks was based, was authorized in 1890 at Chickamauga, Georgia, and Chattanooga, Tennessee. It was officially dedicated in September 1895. It owes its existence chiefly to the efforts of Generals Henry V. Boynton and Ferdinand Van Derveer, both veterans of the Union Army of the Cumberland, who saw the need for a federal park to preserve and commemorate these battlefields. Another early proponent and driving force behind the park's creation was Ohio General Henry M. Cist, who led the Chickamauga Memorial Society in 1888. Another former Union officer, Charles H. Grosvenor, was chairman of the park commission from 1910 until his death in 1917. During the Park's early years, it was managed by the War Department and used for military study as well as a memorial. The National Park Service took over site management in 1933.
n north Georgia and south Tennessee, Union and Confederate armies clashed during the fall of 1863 in some of the hardest fighting of the Civil War. The prize was Chattanooga, a key rail center and the gateway to the heart of the Confederacy.
In September 1863 the Union Army of the Cumberland was routed at the Battle of Chickamauga and retreated into Chattanooga. Over the next two months Confederate forces besieged the trapped Union army. Finally, in late November 1863 the Union army won a series of battles around Chattanooga and drove the Confederates south into Georgia. 37,000 soldiers were killed from both armies over the two day period.
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Chickamauga National Battlefield Park
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